The Council of Constantinople II (553) confirmed the condemnation of earlier heresies (concerning the Holy Trinity, Christology), while recalling the definitions made by the previous council. The heresies of Origen were condemned, as well as the three known ideas of Nestorianism. The real goal of reconciling Christians was not achieved because there were disagreements (Rome, Africa, Antioch). The three theological bishops belonging to the Antiochian school were condemned: Theodore of Mopsuestis († 428), Theodoret of Cyr († c. 466) and Ibas of Edessa († 457).

To summarize the various major councils, here are the things that were considered and decided. Those of Jerusalem (49/50) studied in depth how to follow the Law of the Jews. It was therefore decided that people from other countries who repented, were baptized and became Christians did not need to be "circumcised" in order to follow the Jewish law. In Nicaea I (325) it was defined about the Incarnate Word, and it said that Jesus is really the Son of God, one way with the Father (Homousis), and the true God, this was done to oppose the Arianism.

About the ecumenical councils that have been very important in the history of the Church. After the first conference of Christian believers, with the apostles, held in Jerusalem in the year 50 (or 49) led by Peter, there have been 21 ecumenical councils that have confirmed the faith of believers according to the teachings of the apostles, in the face of great reforms, in the history of the Catholic Church. They protected the rights of the people and maintained peace. These are the following, and the Pope who led them: 1) Nicaea I (325) Silvester I. 2) Constantinople I (381) Damascus. 3) Ephesus (431) Celestine I. 4) Chalcedon (451) Leo the Great. 5) Constantinople II (553) Vigilus. 6) Constantinople III (680-681) Agathon. 7)

December 8 is the day set aside by the Catholic Church to celebrate the feast of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, especially for us in Madagascar because she is the first protector of this island. In the years 420-430, there was a great shock and sadness among the Christians of Ephesus because the nosterius said that the Holy Mary could not be called the "mother of God". October 11 is the celebration of the feast of the Mother of God. She is the model of all mothers and the trust of many people...

New impetus

The celebration of the 60th anniversary of the Diocese of Ambatondrazaka in 2021 has brought spiritual renewal to Christians. Their current three main challenges are to improve the system to be in tune with the structure of the whole Church, to encourage Christians to pray and live the sacraments, and to urge them to be responsible in the life of the Church. Speech by Fr. Sata Jean Noël Andrianasolo

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Love and Salvation

Christmas is a great joy, because it is the love of God that has come to us, proclaims Fr. Bizimana Innocent, Provincial Superior of the Salesians Don Bosco of Madagascar and Mauritius, presenting his Christmas greetings. Salvation is accomplished, so life is not in danger of disappearing. It is this love and this salvation that we wish to fill our life so that we have peace.

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Zatti, our brother

The short film "Zatti, our brother" (Argentina, 2020) focuses on one of the most difficult episodes of his life. We are in Viedma, in 1941: at the age of 60, Zatti is forced to leave the hospital he has attended for decades. His faith and strength are tested.

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