12 April - Julius of Rome or Julius I, born in Rome around 280 and died in the same city in 352, is a bishop of Rome who acceded to the episcopate on 6 February 337. According to Catholic tradition, he is the 35th pope.

After the ephemeral episcopate of Mark, the seat remained vacant for four months for an unknown reason. Julius, a native of Rome and son of a certain Rusticus, was elected on February 6, 337, the year of the death of Emperor Constantine. The creation of the Apostolic Chancellery, the oldest dicastery of the Roman Catholic Church, dates back to the episcopate, whose functioning is modelled on the procedures of the Roman administration.

Shortly after his accession to the episcopate, an Eastern delegation of bishops led by Eusebius of Nicomedia requested Julius' communion for the Arian candidate for the episcopal see of Alexandria, against the Nicene Athanasius of Alexandria. The latter, who has regained his seat after having been removed from it by the Council of Tyre, in turn sends a delegation to support his point of view.

The bishop of Rome proposed conciliation but the Alexandrian bishop was again expelled from his seat by Constantius II and went into exile in Rome, accompanied by members of his clergy. Julius then gave his communion to Athanasius, alienating the Alexandrian delegation which refused to participate in a synod in Rome, considering that his bishop had posed as a judge of appeal, in defiance of the regionalization of ecclesiastical jurisdictions validated by the Council of Nicaea.

Julius argues that he merely continued the custom of establishing ecclesiastical unity "in the concrete manifestation of collegial brotherhood through the exchange of letters of communion" and the Roman synod, held in 340 or 341, annulled the election of Athanasius' competitor.

The co-emperors Constant and Constantius, under the repeated requests of the protagonists of the crisis, convoke in 343 a council in Sardia where the Eastern and Western delegations sit separately and excommunicate each other. The Westerners drew up a pro-Nicean symbol of faith that attempted to give a legal basis to the primacy of the Roman episcopal see, which remained, for the time being, without impact, while after the return of Athanasius to Alexandria in 346, the siege of Rome experienced a relative obliteration in the years that followed, not without Julius restoring Marcel d'Ancyre, accused of sabellianism, to his seat in 353.

The fourth bishop of Tsiroanomandidy

Pope Francis has appointed Bishop Gabriel Randrianantenaina bishop of the diocese of Tsiroanomadidy in the region of Bongolava. Four years ago, Mgr Gustavo Bombin Espino, former bishop of this diocese, was appointed bishop of Maintirano so the diocese in question did not have a bishop. The episcopal ordination took place on Sunday July 11, 2021 at the Public High School of the city Tsiroanomandidy.

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What kind of Salesians?

From February 16 to April 04 2020, The Salesian Congregation will hold the 28th General Chapter (GC 28) in Turin-Valdocco. This chapter presents 2 messages: the return to Valdocco, the Motherhouse of Salesian, after 62 years, the last was the CG18 and the general chapter which takes its title from a question: "What kind of Salesians for the youth of today?"

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The "Directory" of the Salesian Youth Movement

The leaders (LEADS) of the Salesian Youth Movement (MSJ) of the Salesian Provinces of Don Bosco, with their Youth Ministry Delegates and the MSJ coordinators, participated last Saturday, July 31, at 2:30 p.m. Rome time , at the "PLAN LAUNCH" initiative (Project Launch).

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